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A Journal on Nephrology and Urology

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Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica 2010 September;62(3):305-18

language: English

Laparoscopic and robotic assisted adrenal surgery

Bruhn A. M., Hyams E. S., Stifelman M. D.

Department of Urology, New York University School of Medicine,New York, NY, USA


The aim of this paper is to review the current state of laparoscopic and robotic surgery in the mannagement of benign and malignant disease of the adrenal gland. Adrenal lesions can be adenomas, pheochromocytomas, myelolipomas, ganglioneuromas, adrenal cysts, hematomas, adrenal cortical carcinomas, metastases from other cancers, or other rare causes. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy (LA) has become the new standard of care for benign adrenal neoplasms and is being increasingly utilized for malignant disease. Robotic assistance offers unique advantages in visualizing and dissecting the adrenal gland, especially considering its challenging vasculature. Series of robotic adrenalectomy (RA) and LA show that techniques are both safe and effective compared to open. There is also growing evidence in using minimally invasive approaches in adrenal sparing-surgery. Success in these procedures depends on a firm understanding of adrenal anatomy and in careful patient selection. Both LA and RA are offer advantages to patients and are comparable in outcomes. RA offers the potential for increased visualization and faster learning curve which may allow for both faster, and more precise dissection, as well as increased utilization of minimally invasive techniques. While LA remains the standard of care, RA is an excellent option in high volume robotic centers from standpoints of outcomes, feasibility, and cost.

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