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A Journal on Nephrology and Urology

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Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica 2010 June;62(2):193-201

language: English

The current state of robot assisted radical prostatectomy

Khatlani K., Sharma S., Mendoza P. J., Lee D. I.

Division of Urology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA


AIM: The introduction of robotics in the operating room made its first major impact in the arena of prostate cancer. Robot assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) is the most commonly performed surgery for prostate cancer in the United States.
METHODS: In this review article, we discuss the history of robotic prostatectomy as well as the benefits and drawbacks of the robotic surgical platform. Our University of Pennsylvania technique is described. Patient selection, peri-operative factors, oncological data, and functional outcomes specific to RARP are addressed.
RESULTS: While cost remains a valid criticism to the robotic technique, some of the additional expenditure is offset by improved convalescence, fewer medical complications, and decreased morbidity. Data with follow up approaching 10 years demonstrates equal if not superior outcomes with respect to continence, sexual and oncological factors.
CONCLUSION: The diligent efforts of many have led to the rapid evolution of robot assisted radical prostatectomy. There is a renewed interest in the anatomy, oncological outcomes, and functional consequences of prostatectomy. With technological advances occurring at an accelerating rate, the advances in surgery should be very exciting indeed.

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