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A Journal on Nephrology and Urology

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Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica 2009 September;61(3):301-308

language: English

Open prostatectomy and the evolution of HoLEP in the management of benign prostatic hyperplasia

Suardi N., Gallina A., Salonia A., Briganti A., Cestari A., Guazzoni G., Rigatti P., Montorsi F.

Department of Urology, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan, Italy


Trans-urethral resection of the prostate (TURP) and other minimally invasive therapies are the most common surgical procedures used to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia today. However, many patients with a markedly enlarged prostate are often not amenable to these treatment options. In these patients open prostatectomy has been representing a viable and preferred treatment. Despite the morbidity of open enucleation is substantial, until recently no other options were available when the size of the prostate approached 100 g and beyond. The use of holmium laser for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia was first reported in 1996. Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) has been proposed as an alternative to TURP and to open prostatectomy for patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) due to large benign prostatic enlargement. In this manuscript, the development of HoLEP from the initial reports to the long-term follow-up data which demonstrate the effectiveness of the technique in treating patients affected by LUTS secondary to large adenomas has been reviewed. HoLEP seems to represent a valid alternative to both TURP and OP, with valid long-term functional results, a low rate of short-term and long-term complications, and very low rates of reintervention. In conclusion, HoLEP can be offered as the size-independent gold standard treatment of patients with LUTS due to benign prostatic enlargement.

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