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A Journal on Nephrology and Urology

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Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica 2006 September;58(3):273-7

language: English

Testicular hypotrophy in varicocele: pre and postoperative echographic follow-up in the pediatric age

Messina M., Zagordo L., Di Maggio G., Molinaro F., Abate V., Nardi N.

Unit of Pediatric Surgery Department of Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Reproductive Medicine University of Siena, Siena, Italy


Aim. Varicocele is characterised by an anomalous tortuosity and dilation of the veins of the pampiniform plexus. The etiopathogenetic mechanisms are still unclear, but a correlation seems to exist between varicocele and testicular development, with possible repercussions on the testicle’s functionality. The aim of this study is to evaluate gonadic trophism through echographic monitoring in the pre and postoperative phases in patients affected by idiopathic varicocele with testicular hypotrophy in order to evaluate the treatment’s benefits.
Methods. Sixty-six patients (mean age 12,5; range 10-17) consecutively operated for left idiopathic varicocele were considered. Of these, 27 had ipsilateral testicular hypotrophy and thus they were included in the study. Fifteen were operated upon in videolaparoscopy (VLS), and 12 by the classic open inguinal access. The mean follow-up was 18 months (6-24 months). The data were analyzed by nonparametric Mann-Whitney U test.
Results. An increase in the testicular volume was observed clinically and by ultrasound in 13 of the 15 patients treated by VLS and in 9 of the 12 patients operated by traditional means. The nonparametric Mann-Whitney U test showed a significativity between pre and post-operative values.
Conclusion. The testicular trophic healing observed in 81.5% of the operated patients leads to the belief that an early correction can allow a rapid volumetric increase and an improved function of the gonad.

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