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A Journal on Nephrology and Urology

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Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica 2006 September;58(3):241-8

language: English

Androgen deprivation therapy in locally advanced and metastatic prostate cancer

Ryan C, J,, Small E. J.

Department of Medicine and UCSF Comprehensive Cancer Center University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA


Numerous studies have been performed testing the efficacy of early androgen deprivation (AD) in patients with localized and locally advanced prostate cancer. A systematic review of recent publications that report on the use of AD in non-metastatic prostate cancer patients was performed. Recently published mature randomized trials of AD plus local therapy were evaluated plus 2 large datasets on the use of AD for patients with serologic relapse after local therapy. Four mature randomized studies demonstrate an overall survival benefit to the use of AD in conjunction with definitive local therapy (3 with radiation and 1 with surgery). One retrospective analysis suggests that AD administered at early after serologic progression improves overall survival, and one retrospective analysis shows a reduction in metastasis-free survival but has not yet shown an overall survival benefit. In virtually all analyses, patients with high-risk features benefited from early AD when compared to deferred therapy. Consideration of AD is therefore warranted early in the clinical course of high-risk patients.

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