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MINERVA UROLOGICA E NEFROLOGICA

A Journal on Nephrology and Urology


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Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica 2005 September;57(3):165-74

language: English

Ultrafiltration failure in peritoneal dialysis. Causes and clinical consequences

Smit W., Parikova A., Krediet R. Th.

Academic Medical Center University of Amsterdam Amsterdam, The Netherlands


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Ultrafiltration failure (UFF) is the insufficient ability to remove excess fluid from the body by dialysis. In peritoneal dialysis (PD) this is a common complication, the frequency increases with duration of treatment. In this review a summary of peritoneal transport mechanisms and the conditions associated with UFF are discussed. The 2 most common circumstances in which ultrafiltration failure occurs, peritonitis and long-term PD treatment, are outlined more extensively. In addition a diagnostic approach and therapeutic options for the different causes of UFF are given.

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