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MINERVA UROLOGICA E NEFROLOGICA
A Journal on Nephrology and Urology
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,536
Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica 2004 March;56(1):89-98
language: English, Italian
Tension-free transobturator approach for female stress urinary incontinence
Cindolo L. 1, Salzano L. 1, Rota G. 2, Bellini S. 3, D’Afiero A. 3
1 Urology Unit, “G. Rummo” Hospital, Benevento, Italy
2 Division of Gynecology-Obstetrics “S. Giovanni di Dio” Hospital, Frattamaggiore (Naples), Italy
3 Urology Section, “S. Maria della Pietà” Casoria (Naples), Italy
Aim. UraTape is a new sling for female stress urinary incontinence (SUI) inserted via a transobturator percutaneous approach. We report the safety, feasibility and short-term results of this new surgical procedure.
Methods. UraTape® (Porgès-Mentor) is a non-elastic polypropylene tape, with a silicone coated central part. The sling is placed tension-free under the mid-urethra and extended through the obturator foramen bypassing the posterior face of the ischiopubic ramus. From September 2002 to May 2003, 80 females affected by SUI associated with urethral hypermobility and without severe uro-genital prolapse (with cystocele 1st grade) received UraTape. Mean age was 56 (39-79) years. Sixty-two out of 80 had a positive Q tip test; 16/80 had recurrent incontinence after Burch or colpoplasty according to Kelly; 22/60 had mixed incontinence. Preoperative evaluations included: complete history and physical examination, urinalysis, urodynamic investigations, abdominal and pelvic ultrasound. Quality of life assessment was carried out pre- and postoperatively.
Results. Mean operative time was 16 (11-36) minutes. No major intraoperative complications were observed. One bladder neck laceration occurred and was treated intraoperatively. No cystoscopy was performed. Mean hospital postoperative stay time was 1.1 (1-6) days. All patients were examined periodically at 7, 30 and 90 days from intervention (mean follow-up 4 months, 1-8). There was no urethral erosion. One vaginal erosion with inguinal abscess was diagnosed and treated without removing the sling. Two de novo urge incontinence was observed. The objective and subjective cure rates were 92% and 97%; 96% expressed good quality of life (satisfied/very satisfied).
Conclusion. This procedure is a safe, effective new technique for the treatment of female SUI. The easy technique, the short learning curve and the very high grade of satisfaction of the patients show that this approach is based upon effective anatomical and physiological criteria. Further follow-up is necessary in order to evaluate urodynamic changes and overall satisfaction.