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MINERVA UROLOGICA E NEFROLOGICA
A Journal on Nephrology and Urology
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,536
Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica 2003 December;55(4):239-50
Laparoscopic radical prostatectomy: a review of techniques and results worldwide
Trabulsi E. J., Hassen W. A., Touijer A. K., Saranchuk J. W., Guillonneau B.
Department of Urology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA
Laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) is currently performed in multiple centers world-wide, with several different surgical approaches and techniques utilized. A comprehensive review of the published literature worldwide on laparoscopic radical prostatectomy was performed to outline the evolution of this technique, and to review the published surgical, oncological and functional results. A systematic review of peer reviewed articles concerning laparoscopic radical prostatectomy was obtained using Medline query. LRP is being performed in multiple centers worldwide, using a variety of surgical approaches and technologies. Analysis of perioperative parameters, including surgical blood loss, operative time, complications and convalescence, demonstrates a low morbidity and shows a clear trend in improvement with increased experience. The functional results, as recorded by postoperative urinary and sexual functions, appear encouraging. The reported positive surgical margin rates decrease with more recent series. Oncological results and cancer control rates as measured by PSA recurrence and disease-free intervals are difficult to ascertain in the immature series published to date.
LRP has witnessed tremendous popularity and widespread implementation in specialized centers worldwide. LRP represents a technically demanding laparoscopic procedure with a difficult learning curve, but can be performed systematically with standard techniques. The advantages include shorter convalescence and markedly lower operative blood loss, with quicker removal of the urinary catheter. Long-term functional and oncologic results are not yet available