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MINERVA UROLOGICA E NEFROLOGICA
A Journal on Nephrology and Urology
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,536
Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica 2003 December;55(4):205-18
Seitz C., Palermo S., Djavan B.
Department of Urology University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
Transrectal ultrasound guided (TRUS) prostate biopsies is the standard method in the diagnosis of prostate cancer. The use of prostate specific antigen (PSA) and digital rectal examination for prostate cancer screening has led to a dramatic increase in the number of TRUS guided biopsies. Frequently urologists are faced with the dilemma of treating a patient with a high suspicion of prostate cancer, but an initial set of negative biopsies. In this review we focus on the current knowledge of prostate biopsies, the indication to perform a biopsy, the impact of prostate volume in the number of cores taken, the technique of an initial and repeat biopsies and when to stop.