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MINERVA UROLOGICA E NEFROLOGICA
A Journal on Nephrology and Urology
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,536
Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica 2003 June;55(2):141-4
Treatment of varicocele in the pediatric age: videolaparoscopic versus “traditional” open techniques
Messina M., Zagordo L., Di Maggio G., Della Monica G., Melissa B., Ferrucci E.
Dipartimento di Pediatria Ostetricia e Medicina della Riproduzione Sezione di Chirurgia Pediatrica Università degli Studi di Siena, Siena
Aim. Varicocele is determined by an ectasia of the veins of the pampinous plexus, and its incidence ranges from 2% to 16% in the different ages. Etiology and pathogenic mechanism are not clear; on the other hand it is absolutely certain that an early onset of varicocele in the pre-puberal age can heavily condition testicular development and function, with a condition of hypo-infertility which will be irreversible in the adult age. Up to date, there are not clear data allowing to state a “gold standard” therapy, although there is a general goodwill in affirming the usefulness of an early operation to prevent a gonadic damage. The aim of our study was to carry out an accurate analysis of post-operative clinical and instrumental data and to point out advantages and disadvantages of the traditional surgical technique versus the more recent videolaparoscopic technique (VLS).
Methods. Twenty-eight patients were consecutively treated for hydiopathic, III Horner degree, I Coolsaet degree left varicocele. In the first 15 patients an “open” operation was performed, while in the other 13 VLS technique according to Palomo was used.
Results. Follow-up, based on 9 different parameters, such as duration of hospitalisation and postoperative recovery was continued for a mean period of 18,67 months.
Conclusions. An analysis of the results showed that both techniques are effective, although VLS can offer advantages as far as reduction of hospitalisation, reduction of duration of operation and postoperative recovery are concerned, as well as an increasing of compliance due to a better cosmetic result.