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MINERVA UROLOGICA E NEFROLOGICA
A Journal on Nephrology and Urology
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,536
Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica 2003 June;55(2):111-8
Acute renal allograft rejections, a role for statins?
Holdaas H. 1, Jardine A. 2
1 Department of Medicine, National Hospital, Oslo, Norway
2 Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Western Infirmary, Glasgow, UK
Acute rejection of kidney allografts during the first months following transplantation is one of the most important risk factor for long-term graft failure. Some small open studies have indicated that 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-Co-A), statins, might act as immunosuppressive agents, and reduce acute rejection rates. Moreover, the use of statin in transplant recipients is quite common, despite no data from prospective large multi-centre studies are available to demonstrate any beneficial effect for acute rejections or long-term cardiovascular protection in this population. In this overview, recent clinical and experimental data will be provided for assessing statins as immunosuppressive agents. Although in vitro studies have provided a theoretical basis for the use of statins as immunosuppressive agents, more recent clinical placebo controlled studies have failed to confirm the initial optimism of this effect of statins.