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Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,536
Online ISSN 1827-1758
Becker B. N. 1, Becker Y. T. 2, Odorico J. S. 2, Pirsch J. D. 2, Sollinger H. W. 2
1 Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine and 2 Division of Transplantation Department of Surgery, University of Wisconsin Madison, WI, USA
The best available method currently for achieving steady normoglycemia in individuals with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM) is replacing the pancreas, e.g. whole pancreas transplantation. Pancreatic transplantation, as either simultaneous pancreas-kidney (SPK) or solitary pancreas transplantation alone (PTA), has moved beyond simple metabolic or quality-of-life goals. It is now an effective treatment to reverse or minimize metabolic abnormalities and complications of type 1 DM as well as potentially extend the life span of those afflicted by type 1 DM and its many co-morbid complications. Candidates for SPK and PTA transplantation need to meet various criteria even to undergo the transplant procedure and receive a pancreatic allograft that is deemed suitable. SPK and PTA recipients, though free from insulin use, still may encounter common post-transplant medical complications, e.g. cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure, as well as complications unique to SPK and PTA transplantation. The advantages of PTA and SPK transplantation are frankly now more obvious as improvements in surgical technique and new immunosuppression have made an increasing number of PTA and SPK transplants viable and functional long-term. The idea of pancreas transplantation can be touted as a therapeutic advance for type 1 DM. It can improve survival and limit many diabetic-related complications, while improving quality of life, especially in those individuals also afflicted with diabetic-related kidney disease.