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Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,536
Online ISSN 1827-1758
Wilson P. D.
Department of Medicine Mount Sinai School of Medicine New York, NY, USA
Genetically based polycystic kidney diseases include autosomal dominant (ADPKD) and recessive (ARPKD) polycystic kidney diseases, nephronophthisis and medullary cystic disease. The PKD1 and PKD2 genes responsible for ADPKD and their respective encoded proteins polycystin-1 and polycystin-2 are under intense study and clues are developing as to their function and roles in the disease process. Structure-function analysis suggests that polycystins form multiprotein complexes with focal adhesion and cell-cell adherens junction proteins, which then initiate intracellular signaling events culminating in regulation of transcription of genes con- trolling proliferation and differentiation. Although less is known about the PKHD-encoded fibrocystin responsible for ARPKD or about the NPH1-encoded nephrocystin responsible for nephronophthisis, it is proposed that they function in the same cellular pathway involving protein-protein interactions, signal transduction and regulation of gene transcription. ADPKD epithelia are more adherent to collagen, less migratory, fail to recruit FAK to polycystin complexes and show aberrant, persistent expression of the fetal genes Erb-B2 and β2 subunit of NaK-ATPase after birth. It is suggested that the function of the polycystin complex is to act as a key developmental regulator of renal tubule morphogenesis.