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MINERVA UROLOGICA E NEFROLOGICA
A Journal on Nephrology and Urology
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,536
Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica 2001 December;53(4):179-83
Frequency and treatment of postprostatectomy urinary incontinence. Personal experience
Fischetti G., Cuzari S., De Martino P., Musy M., Valentini M. A., Fraioli A., Morello P., Mariani S.
Università degli Studi «La Sapienza» - Roma Dipartimento di Urologia «U. Bracci» Policlinico Umberto I
Background. To evaluate frequency of postprostatectomy urinary incontinence in order to establish the last invasive and most efficacious treatment to completely restore urinary incontinence.
Methods. Between 1992 and 2000, twenty-four patients with retropubic postprostatectomy urinary incontinence were studied. The symptoms reported by all patients referred to lack of control of urine with consequent leakage upon activities exerting increased abdominal pressure (sneezing, lifting of heavy weights). These patients were submitted to urodynamic examinations and the degree of incontinence was further evaluated from the number of pads used daily (slight, 0-1; medium 2-3; severe, >3). Mean follow-up was three years, eight months.
Results. Of the twenty-four patients, twenty (83%) presented stress incontinence, two (8.5%) urge incontinence, and two (8.5%) a mixed type incontinence. Eighteen patients (36%) reported slight precocious incontinence which disappeared spontaneously within three-six months. Six patients (12%) reported total incontinence which had not improved within twelve months, in four of these patients, continence was achieved by means of perineal rehabilitation whilst in the remaining patients, use of pads (up to three pads/day) was necessary, due to failure of rehabilitation.
Conclusions. Once the need has been established for radical anatomic prostatectomy which offers the possibility of postoperative continence, perineal rehabilitation represents the first choice treatment on account not only of the high percentage of successful results but also due to low invasiveness, whilst the use of the AMS 800 sphincter offers the only solution in those forms of severe incontinence refractory to less invasive forms of treatment.