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Eugenio PEDULLÀ 1, Gianluca PLOTINO 2, Mauro SCIBILIA 1, Nicola M. GRANDE 2, Daniele DE SANTIS 3, Alessia PARDO 3, Luca TESTARELLI 2, Gianluca GAMBARINI 2
1 Department of General Surgery and Surgical-Medical Specialties, University of Catania, Catania, Italy; 2 Department of Endodontics, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy; 3 Section of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Department of Surgical Sciences, Dentistry, Gynecology and Pediatrics, University of Verona, Verona, Italy
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to analyze the influence of rotary instruments’ geometry and surface titanium-nitride (TiN) treatment on the fatigue fracture, through the comparison of cyclic fatigue resistance of two endodontic systems that have similar cross-sectional design and different surface coating.
METHODS: 130 Mtwo (10/.04; 15/.05; 20/.06; 25/.06; 30/.05; 35/.04; 40/.04) and Easy Shape (15/.04; 20/.05; 25/.06; 30/.05; 35/.04; 40/.04) were tested for cyclic fatigue resistance. Time to fracture (TtF) was determined by counting the seconds of continuous rotation until final fracture in an artificial canal with 60° angle and a 5 mm radius of curve. The fracture surface of each fragment was examined with a scanning electron microscope (SEM). Data were subjected to one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey post-hoc tests.
RESULTS: Mtwo perform a significantly (P<0,001) higher NCF compared with Easy Shape of the same size and taper. The comparison between Mtwo and Easy Shape instruments with the same taper showed higher TtF values of Mtwo files than the Easy Shape ones (P<0,001) while there were no differences among Mtwo and Easy Shape instruments with the same tip, (P>0,05).
CONCLUSIONS: Mtwo exhibit a higher NCF thanks to the smaller metal volume contained in their core. Titanium-nitride coating doesn’t influence the performance of Easy Shape instruments on static test of cyclic fatigue.