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MINERVA STOMATOLOGICA

A Journal on Dentistry and Maxillofacial Surgery


Official Journal of the Italian Society of Odontostomatology and Maxillofacial Surgery
Indexed/Abstracted in: CAB, EMBASE, Index to Dental Literature, PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index


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ORIGINAL ARTICLE  


Minerva Stomatologica 2017 August;66(4):163-8

DOI: 10.23736/S0026-4970.17.04040-7

Copyright © 2017 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Chitosan brush for professional removal of plaque in mild peri-implantitis

Blerina ZEZA 1 , Caspar WOHLFAHRT 2, Andrea PILLONI 1

1 Section of Periodontics, Department of Dentistry and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy; 2 Department of Periodontology, Institute of Clinical Dentistry, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway


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BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a chitosan brush on the treatment of mild peri-implantitis.
METHODS: Fifteen patients diagnosed with mild peri-implantitis contributing with single implant were treated with a chitosan brush. Modified plaque index (mPll), Modified Bleeding Index (mBoP) and probing depth (PPD) were recorded at baseline, 2, 4, 12 and 24 weeks. Chitosan brush was used at 12 weeks if diagnosis was still present. Periapical radiographs were taken at the beginning of the study and 6 months after to control the stability of bone level.
RESULTS: None of the patients reported discomfort or side effects during treatment. Bone level was maintained stable during the entire study. Plaque index remained almost 0 at every control visit. PPD and mBoP were significantly reduced at 2 weeks and when compared to baseline. At 24 weeks 73% of patients presented no further bleeding on probing with stable bone level.
CONCLUSIONS: Chitosan brush could be a reliable instrument for the professionally administered plaque removal and resolution of clinical signs of initial stages of peri-implant inflammation.


KEY WORDS: Peri-implantitis - Secondary prevention - Chitosan

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Publication History

Issue published online: July 12, 2017
Article first published online: May 10, 2017
Manuscript accepted: May 4, 2017
Manuscript revised: March 20, 2017
Manuscript received: November 8, 2016

Cite this article as

Zeza B, Wohlfahrt C, Pilloni A. Chitosan brush for professional removal of plaque in mild peri-implantitis. Minerva Stomatol 2017;66:163-8. DOI: 10.23736/S0026-4970.17.04040-7

Corresponding author e-mail

blerina.zeza@gmail.com