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Online ISSN 1827-174X
Corbella S., Ferrara G., El Kabbaney A., Taschieri S.
Department of Biomedical, Surgical and Dentistry Sciences, University of Milan, IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Galeazzi, Milan, Italy
AIM: Aim of this paper was to present the therapeutical approaches to the management of the immature apex and discuss the evolution of materials and techniques.
METHODS: A Medline search was performed limited to human studies published. The keywords searched were apexogenesis, apexification, pulp regeneration, revascularization.
RESULTS: Apexogenesis and apexification techniques using Calcium hydroxide or MTA give a high succes rate. Recent regeneration procedures may be helpful for apexification in non vital elements.
CONCLUSION: Calcium hydroxide is the gold standard material used in apexogenesis and apexification. New technologies are promoting the growing interest in strategies used for vitality preservation and pulp regeneration.
language: English, Italian