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A Journal on Dentistry and Maxillofacial Surgery
Minerva Stomatologica 2013 November-December;62(11-12):409-17
The significance of lower jaw position in relation to postural stability. Comparison of a premanufactured occlusal splint with the Dental Power Splint
Ohlendorf D. 1, Riegel M. 2, Lin Chung T. 3, Kopp S. 1 ✉
1 Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry Goethe-University, Frankfurt/Main, Germany;
2 Dentist Surgery, Dr. S. Tschackert Frankfurt/Main, Germany;
3 Department of Biostatistics and Mathematics Modelling, Goethe‑University Frankfurt/Main, Germany
Aim: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects on postural stability of two different lower jaw positions held in place by splints with eyes open and eyes closed.
Methods: The postural stability in 21 healthy adult volunteers was investigated using two different sets of occlusal conditions with the lower jaw being at rest either with the eyes opened or closed. Two occlusal splints (standard splint and DPS splint) were used in order to maintain this lower jaw position. The balance behaviour was recorded using a balance platform.
Results: In a comparison of the habitual occlusion with the two occlusal splints, the balance posturographic values with the eyes opened fell between 7-9% and those for weight distribution with the eyes closed between 22-26% (with greater improvement being achieved with DPS) with the result that the variability in the range of fluctuations was reduced. The level of positioning accuracy deteriorated with the wearing of a splint between 13% with the DPS splint and 30% with the standard splint. Gender-specific differences of minor importance in relation to the positioning accuracy were recorded, with there being significant differences in the female participants (P≤0.00).
Conclusion: An occlusal change in the stomatognathic system impacts on postural stability. Balance deficits seem to correlate with deteriorated body sway, which, according to the results, can be improved by a myocentric bite position using a DPS splint. This is more the case with the eyes closed than with the eyes opened.