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Online ISSN 1827-174X
Pereira J. 1, 2, Machado S. 1, Lima F. 1, Lima M. 1, Miguel M. 2
1 Department of Pathology Centre for Health Sciences Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil;
2 Oral Pathology Post-Graduation Program Department of Oral Pathology Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil
Warthin tumor (papillary cystadenoma lymphomatosum, adenolymphoma) is a benign neoplasm from salivary glands and is almost restricted to the parotid gland and the periparotid lymph nodes. Its etiopathogenesis has been associated with tobacco smoke. Several authors believe that the tumor develops from heterotopic salivary gland tissues or through the attraction of a heavy lymphoid reaction. Most cases involve the lower pole or the tail of the parotid. Since its description, a few cases have been reported in other sites, like the submandibular salivary gland. This study aimed to describe a rare presentation of a Warthin tumor and discuss its etiology and differential diagnosis. A 72-year-old male patient presented an asymptomatic, nodular mass adjacent to the submandibular salivary gland. Based on clinical diagnosis of cervical lymphadenopathy, the patient underwent a surgical excision of the lesion. Histopathological exam revealed a benign neoplasm from salivary glands composed of two components: epithelial and lymphoid. The findings were consistent with Warthin tumor. Warthin tumor from submandibular salivary gland is a rare lesion. Professionals should not misinterpret their site of origin, as if they were from the lower pole or the tail of the parotid.