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A Journal on Dentistry and Maxillofacial Surgery
Minerva Stomatologica 2013 March;62(3):63-9
Analysis of the microstructure and mechanical performance of composite resins after accelerated artificial aging
De Oliveira Daltoé M. 1, Penazzo Lepri C. 2, Guilherme G. Wiezel J. 3. Cremonezzi Tornavoi D. 4, Marcondes Agnelli J. A. 5, Cândido Dos Reis A. 6 ✉
1 School of Dentistry of Ribeirão Preto, FORP-USP, São Paulo, Brazil;
2 Department of Restorative Dentistr of the School of Dentistry, Ribeirão Preto, FORP-USP, São Paulo, Brazil;
3 Department of Material Engineering of UFSCar São Paulo, Brazil;
4 Department of Dental Materials and Prosthesis of the School of Dentistry of Ribeirão Preto, FORP-USP, São Paulo, Brazil;
5 Department of Material Engineering of UFSCar, São Paulo, Brazil;
6 Department of Dental Materials and Prosthesis of the School of Dentistry of Ribeirão Preto, FORP-USP, São Paulo, Brazil
Aim: Researches that assess the behavior of dental materials are important for scientific and industrial development especially when they are tested under conditions that simulate the oral environment, so this work analyzed the compressive strength and microstructure of three composite resins subjected to accelerated artificial aging (AAA).
Methods: Three composites resins of 3M (P90, P60 and Z100) were analyzed and were obtained 16 specimens for each type (N.=48). Half of each type were subjected to UV-C system AAA and then were analyzed the surfaces of three aged specimens and three not aged of each type through the scanning electron microscope (SEM). After, eight specimens of each resin, aged and not aged, were subjected to compression test.
Results: After statistical analysis of compressive strength values, it was found that there was difference between groups (α <0.05). The resin specimens aged P60 presented lower values of compressive strength statistically significant when compared to the not subject to the AAA. For the other composite resins, there was no difference, regardless of aging, a fact confirmed by SEM.
Conclusion: The results showed that the AAA influenced the compressive strength of the resin aged P60; confirmed by surface analysis by SEM, which showed greater structural disarrangement on surface material.