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A Journal on Dentistry and Maxillofacial Surgery

Official Journal of the Italian Society of Odontostomatology and Maxillofacial Surgery
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Minerva Stomatologica 2012 October;61(10):431-41

language: English, Italian

Surgical access to condylar fractures in panfacial traumas

Rabbiosi D., Bardazzi A., Valassina D., Marelli S., Colletti G.

Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Milan, San Paolo Hospital, Milan, Italy


Aim. Surgical access to the condyle in panfacial fractures is a delicate and debated issue. The aim of the study was to propose a protocol which would apply in the treatment of panfacial fractures requiring access to the condyles.
Methods. A case series of 10 patients (8 males and 2 females) with panfacial fractures consisting of 16 extracapsular mandibular condylar fractures associated with 3 symphyseal, 7 parasymphyseal, 1 mandibular angle, 6 Le Fort II, 3 orbitomaxillomalar, 5 zygomatic arch fractures were included in this study. Reduction and fixation were achieved using the mini-retromandibular access in 6 patients with 10 extracapsular condylar fractures while in 4 patients with 6 extracapsular condylar fractures access to the condyles consisted in a face-lift-type preauricular access, as a caudal extension of a coronal or hemicoronal incision required for the reduction and fixation of other fractures of the upper and middle thirds.
Results. A good morphological and functional outcome was achieved in all patients. No surgical complication associated with access to the condyles or treatment of the condylar fractures was registered.
Conclusion. The proposed protocol could be used as a guide in choosing access to the condyles in panfacial traumas.

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