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A Journal on Dentistry and Maxillofacial Surgery
Minerva Stomatologica 2012 June;61(6):254-61
Influence of the volume of composite and photoactivation method on push-out bond strength and Knoop hardness of a resin composite
Correr A. B. 1, Costa A. R. 1, Correr-Sobrinho L. 1, Guiraldo R. D. 2, Sinhoreti M. A. C. 1 ✉
1 Department of Restorative Dentistry, Dental Materials Division, Piracicaba Dental School, University of Campinas, Piracicaba, Brazil;
2 Department of Restorative Dentistry, University of North Parana, Londrina, Brazil
AIM:The aim of this paper was to evaluate the influence of modulated photoactivation methods and volume of composite on Knoop hardness (KHN) and push-out bond strength (PBS) of Filtek Z350 to root dentin.
METHODS: Three volumes (small, medium and large) of composite were bulk inserted in cavities prepared in 90 premolars. The specimens were photoactivated with continuous light, pulse-delay, or soft-start methods and submitted to PBS and KHN tests. The failure pattern was evaluated in stereomicroscope after the bond strength test. The data were submitted to two-way ANOVA and Tukey’s test (P<0.05).
RESULTS: Modulated photoactivation methods showed a higher PBS than continuous method (P<0.05). Medium volume of composite showed higher PBS than small and large volumes when photoactivated with continuous method (P<0.05). Pulse-delay significantly increased KHN for medium and large volumes in comparison to continuous method (P<0.05). Medium volume of composite showed KHN significantly higher than small and large volumes (P<0.05).
CONCLUSION:The volume of composite influenced the PBS and KHN of resin composites. Pulse-delay showed the highest bond strength to dentin, as well KHN similar to the conventional method. The analysis of the failure pattern showed predominance of adhesive failure.