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A Journal on Dentistry and Maxillofacial Surgery
Minerva Stomatologica 2012 June;61(6):247-53
language: English, Italian
The piezoelectric osteotomy technique compared to the one with rotary instruments in the surgery of included third molars. A clinical study
Itro A. 1, Lupo G. 2, Marra A. 1, Carotenuto A. 1, Cocozza E. 1, Filipi M. 1, D’Amato S. 1 ✉
1 University of Naples, Naples, Italy;
2 School of Maxillofacial Surgery, Naples, Italy
AIM:The purpose of this study is to compare surgical times, the saving of bonytissues, the postoperative course of the extraction of included third molars in patients treated with piezoelectric surgery compared to those treated with conventional rotary instruments.
METHODS: The study included 140 patients with upper and lower third molars included. 70 of them were treated with osteotomy using conventional rotary instruments (Group 1) and 70 more with osteotomy through piezosurgery Mectron® (GROUP 2). The treatment protocol was the same for both groups. The time of surgery and the saving of bonytissues in the intra-operative have been estimated; moreover, 24-48-72 hours and 7 days after the surgery, two other parameters have been estimated: facial swelling and trismus. The swelling, trismus and the saving of bony tissues were assessed by a surgery gauge.
RESULTS: The average surgical time was 15 minutes in Group 1 and 20 minutes in Group 2. The savings of bonytissues was greater in Group 2 than in group 1 by 2.7 mm. The average facial swelling was 6.23 mm for group 1 and 2.86 mm for group 2 24 hours after the surgery, of 5.22 mm for group 1 and 1.76 mm for group 2 48 hours after the intervention, of 3.75 mm for Group 1 and 0.85 for group 2 72 hours after the surgery, of 0.86 mm for group 1 and 0.12 for group 2. The average trismus was of 14.76 mm in Group 1 and 11.15 mm in Group 2. Statistical analysis showed a significant reduction of swelling, trismus and a bigger saving of bony tissues in Group 2 and a reduction in surgical time in Group 1.
CONCLUSION:The osteotomy technique with a piezoelectric instrument has produced a significant reduction in facial swelling, trismus and a bigger saving of bony tissues than with conventional rotary instruments. A slight lengthening in terms of surgical time has been recorded, compared to the use of conventional rotary instruments.