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A Journal on Dentistry and Maxillofacial Surgery
Minerva Stomatologica 2012 May;61(5):205-12
Pathological findings in a sample of Mexican pediatric patients. Clinical and radiographic survey
Ledesma-Montes C. 1, Salcido-García J. F. 2, Hernández-Flores F. 3, Garcés-Ortíz M. 1 ✉
1 Laboratorio de Patologia Clinica, Division de Estudios de Posgrado e Investigacion, Facultad de Odontologia, UNAM, Mexico;
2 Clinica de Admision, Division de Estudios de Posgrado e Investigacion, Facultad de Odontologia, UNAM, Mexico;
3 Clinica de Cirugia Bucal y Maxilofacial, Division de Estudios de Posgrado e Investigacion, Facultad de Odontologia, UNAM, Mexico
AIM: The findings of a clinical-radiological review of 467 children attending the Oral Diagnosis Clinic of the Facultad de Odontología, UNAM, Mexico, are presented.
METHODS: All patients were clinically reviewed, clinical history was taken, and an orthopantomogram obtained by last year dentistry students. Patients and radiographs were then reviewed by the panel and all alterations in teeth, soft tissues and bone were recorded.
RESULTS: Clinical and/or radiographic alterations were found in 132 (28.26%) children. The main alterations were developmental (75%) and inflammatory/infectious and traumatic (6.06% each). The most common entities were: supernumeraries (30.77%); hypodontia (29.7%); osteosclerotic lesions and microdontia (4.4% each).
CONCLUSION:The data on the frequency of alterations in the pediatric population attending at our institution reinforce the importance of this kind of study in efforts to improve the quality of stomatologic services in the pediatric population.