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A Journal on Dentistry and Maxillofacial Surgery
Minerva Stomatologica 2012 January-February;61(1-2):31-6
Sclerotherapy with monoethanolamine oleate in benign oral vascular lesions
Hiraoka K. 1, Mota De Queiroz A. 1, Aparecida Marinho S. 2, Costa Pereira A. A. 3, Costa Hanemann J. A. 1 ✉
1 Department of Clinical Dentistry and Surgery School of Dentistry, Federal University of Alfenas (UNIFAL), Alfenas, Minas Gerais, Brazil;
2 Postgraduate Program in Dentistry, Federal University of Jequitinhonha and Mucuri Valleys (UFVJM), Diamantina, Minas Gerais, Brazil;
3 Department of Biomedical Sciences, Federal University of Alfenas (UNIFAL), Alfenas, Minas Gerais, Brazil
AIM:The aim of the present study was to carry out a retrospective survey at the Stomatology Clinic of a federal university in Brazil of 411 dental charts for the assessment of vascular tumors.
METHODS: After the determination of the sample, the following clinical patient information was recorded: gender, age, ethnic background, marital status, profession, place of birth, clinical diagnosis, anatomic site and tumor size.
RESULTS: Among all patients treated, 4.4% had benign vascular tumors in the oral cavity. The majority of these tumors were asymptomatic, with a purplish, bluish or reddish coloration and of variable size. A clinical examination and vitropressure were essential to the diagnosis. The most affected age group was 60 to 75 years. Vascular tumors most often affected white individuals and the female gender. The most common anatomic site was the tongue, followed by the buccal mucosa. Treatment with sclerotherapy proved effective, with complete regression in 94.5% of the tumors.
CONCLUSION: The majority of patients demonstrated wholehearted acceptance of the treatment and side effects following the administration of the substance were slight. Sclerotherapy is a simple, low-cost method of safe and easy execution, allowing the elimination of surgical trauma and a lesser risk of hemorrhage.