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A Journal on Dentistry and Maxillofacial Surgery
Minerva Stomatologica 2010 April;59(4):173-80
Dietary habits of a school population and implications for oral health
Llena Puy C. 1, Forner L. 2 ✉
1 Unit of Odontology, Primary Care, Valencian Health Agency, Department of Stomatology, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain;
2 Department of Stomatology, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain
AIM: The study analyzes the consumption of cariogenic foods in a population of children between 6 and 10 years old.
METHODS: Transversal descriptive study on a sample of 369 children who first attended to the Department 9 Dentistry dental office of the Valencia Region Health Agency (Spain). A self-administered food consumption frequency questionnaire was used to evaluate how often the food on the list were consumed by the children.
RESULTS: Sticky sugar-rich foods, sugared milk and dairy products, food containing starch and sugar, sugary liquids and food with semihydrolyzed starch were consumed by over 50% of the sample at main meals and between meals. The mean intake of all these food groups, was over five times a week. The older children ate more fruit and foods rich in semihydrolyzed starch at main meals. Sweetened medication significantly reduced with age. Sugar-free sweets were consumed by almost 60% of the sample.
CONCLUSION: The study shows a high intake of food with cariogenic potential, in particular processed food with added sugar and food with semihydrolyzed starch consumed between meals. This situation indicates the need to include health education programs in our population focused to improve the dietary habits of children and teenagers.