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Testarelli L. 1, Milana V. 1, Rizzo F. 1, Gagliani M. 2, Gambarini G. 1
1 Department of Dental Sciences La Sapienza University, Rome, Italy
2 Department of Dental Sciences University of Milan, Milan, Italy
Aim. The aim of the present study was to investigate the in vitro sealing ability of a new obturating material (Real Seal 1, SybronEndo, Orange, CA, USA) and compare it with the Thermafil (Dentsply Maillefer, Baillargues, Switzerland) and One-Step systems (CMS Dental, Copenhagen, Denmark).
Methods. Forty-four freshly extracted lower premolars teeth were selected and a root canal treatment was performed using a crown-down Nickel-Titanium rotary preparation technique. Teeth were randomized into three groups (N.=14): 1) Thermafil group; 2) One/step group; 3) Real Seal 1 (RS1) group. The remaining two teeth served as controls. A fluid filtration system device was utilized to assess quantitatively the microleakage. Statistical analyses were performed by ANOVA and significance was set at 95%.
Results. Data clearly showed that the RS1 provided the best results, showing a minimal leakage after 24 hours. Statystical analysis showed a significant difference about the RS1 group, the Thermafil and One/Step group, while no significant differences were noted between these last two groups. Results show that the number of teeth that had no (=0) leakage was higher in the RS1 group (8 specimens) than in the remaining ones (1 and 1 specimen, respectively).
Conclusion. Under the conditions of the present experimental test, the new RS1 material (carrier-based Resilon) provided excellent preliminary results showing sealing ability at 24 hours significantly better that traditional carrier-based gutta-percha systems.
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