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Online ISSN 1827-174X
Maia A. M. A., Barkokebas A., Pires A. P., Barros L. F., Carvalho A. A. T., Leão J. C.
Dental Postgraduate Program Department of Preventive Odontoloy Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil
Several diagnostic and therapeutic methods are based on the optical properties of lasers. In therapeutic applications, laser light is absorbed in a specific manner, whereas light is scattered, reflected, or transmitted from different structures. Improvements in laser technology allow new procedures and broaden the scope of applications for both diagnosis and therapy. The focus of laser application in Oral Medicine diagnosis should be early detection of oral squamous cell carcinoma. Novel modalities for the detection of oral malignancy are urgently needed, while others must be continuously impro-ved. Optical coherence tomography and laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy are currently being studied. In addition to diagnosis of non-malignant lesions, laser therapy has been used based upon the biological reactions and molecular wound healing mechanisms as an alternative for the treatment of a variety of oral soft tissue lesions. The aim of the present article is to review current knowledge and future perspectives of lasers in Oral Medicine.