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A Journal on Dentistry and Maxillofacial Surgery
Minerva Stomatologica 2008 September;57(9):429-46
language: English, Italian
Clinical guidelines for prevention of osteonecrosis of the jaws in patients in treatment with bisphosphonates: literature review and report of three cases
Sarzi Amadè D., Tallarico M., Loreti M. C., Montecchi P. P., Niccoli A.
Unit of Dentistry Sant’Andrea Hospital Second Faculty of Medicine and Surgery La Sapienza University, Rome, Italy
Lately clinical evidence has suggested that the development of osteonecrosis of the jaws (ONJ) might be associated to assumption of high doses of nitrogen-bisphosphonate (N-BPs), quite common in the treatment of multiple myeloma and skeletal metastasis due to breast and prostate cancer. Bisphosphonates are used for the treatment of several pathologies such as osteoporosis, Paget’s disease, multiple myeloma, malignant hypercalcemia, breast and prostate tumours, and other tumours associated with bone metastasis. Their use might improve patient’s life standard, reducing pain and complications of the skeletal structure. In this report three clinical cases of ONJ of patients in treatment with BPs are presented, and the possible pathogenesis is analysed. Further-more, treatment guidelines for the management of patients in treatment with BPs who need restorative dental care and oral surgery are proposed.