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Do Nascimento C. 1, Tiossi R. 1, Hallak Regalo S. C. 2, Siéssere S. 2, Da Glória Chiarello De Mattos M. 1, Mardegan Issa J. P. 2
1 Department of Dental Materials and Prostheses Faculty of Dentistry University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil
2 Department of Morphology Stomatology and Physiology Faculty of Dentistry University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil
Aim. The success of ceramic restorations is influenced by biocompatibility and resistance provided after bonding with an adhesive system. The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the adhesive bond strength between ceramic (IPS Classic V, Ivoclar Vivadent) and composite resin (Z-250, 3M), submitted or not to thermocycling treatment.
Methods. Forty ceramic cylinders were obtained with the following dimensions: 2 mm diameter and 3 mm high. The bond surface was polished with polishing paper (#600), conditioned with 10% hydrofluoric acid and silanized, according to manufacturer’s recommendations. Later, the ceramic cylinders were bonded, with resinous cement (Rely X, 3M) to composite resin cylinders (Z-250, 3M) with the same dimensions, under 1 kg load. The assemblies were divided into two groups submitted to the following treatments: Group 1 (control): immersed in distilled water at 37 °C for 3 days, and Group 2: thermocycled (500 cycles) into two baths (5 °C and 55 °C), with 1 min of storing time each. In order to evaluate the adhesive resistance, the assemblies were tractioned in a universal testing machine (EMIC MEM 2000) with a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min. Obtained data were submitted to statistical analysis (ANOVA and Tukey’s test).
Results. The means (MPa) and standard deviation obtained for Groups 1 and 2 were, respectively, 29.64±9.48 and 17.55±4.78. Group 1 presented significantly higher values than Group 2 (P<0.05).
Conclusion. The results obtained in this study showed that the thermocycling procedure decreased the adhesive resistance between the materials studied.