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A Journal on Dentistry and Maxillofacial Surgery
Minerva Stomatologica 2008 January-February;57(1-2):9-20
language: English, Italian
Mechanical evaluation of new injection needles for dental anesthesia
Albergo G. 1, Bedini R. 1, Pane S. 1, Majori M. 1, Gallottini L. 2
1 Department of Technology and Health Italian Institute of Health, Rome, Italy
2 Unit of Conservative Dentistry Department of Dentistry “La Sapienza” University, Rome, Italy
Aim. In this study Authors want to evaluate the static and dynamic flexural behaviour of innovative injection needles for dental anaesthesia comparing to the traditional needles.
Methods. Four kinds of innovative injection needles (Carpule Free Flow® - Heraeus Kulzer), different for length and external diameter, have been evaluated in comparison with the traditional ones (Carpule® - Heraeus Kulzer), dimensions being equal except for the internal diameter. Static stiffness tests (10 for each kind of needles, resulting in a totality of 80 tests) and fatigue bending test (10 for each kind of needles, each tested at 3 different bending angles, resulting in a totality of 240 tests) have been conducted following the ISO 9626 norms. The final comparison among the obtained data have been conducted using a one way statistical analysis of variance (ANOVA).
Results. After stiffness tests the Carpule Free Flow® injection needles and the traditional ones showed the same static behaviour, resulting in statistical comparable values of mean deflection at the maximum load allowed by ISO norms tests, whereas the 0.4 mm external diameter showed a statistically significant difference because the Carpule Free Flow® needles achieved lower deflection values. After dynamic bending tests at 20° both needle types showed the same behaviour, whereas at 30° bending the Carpule Free Flow® injection needles showed a higher number of breaks comparing to normal type, up to a maximum value of breaks (10 out of 10) for the 0.4 mm external diameter needles. After 50° fatigue bending tests the Carpule Free Flow® needles came to the break point after lower number of cycles than the Carpule® needles.
Conclusion. This study pointed out that, among anaesthesia injection needles, the Carpule Free Flow® needles not only showed better clinical characteristics but also a mechanical behaviour, both static and dynamic, statistically similar to traditional ones, according to international standards. After fatigue bending higher than 20°, exclusively made in this research in order to simulate critical or extreme conditions, all analysed Carpule Free Flow® needles have been broken after a lower number of cycles. It is concluded that it is recommended not to repeatedly bend this kind of needles at more than 90°. At the end of this study it may be suggested that this kind of needles cannot be repeatedly bended at angles more than 90°.