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A Journal on Dentistry and Maxillofacial Surgery

Official Journal of the Italian Society of Odontostomatology and Maxillofacial Surgery
Indexed/Abstracted in: CAB, EMBASE, Index to Dental Literature, PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index




Minerva Stomatologica 2007 March;56(3):129-38


language: English, Italian

A rational use of dental materials in posterior direct resin restorations in order to control polymerization shrinkage stress

Giachetti L. 1, Bertini F. 2, Bambi C. 2, Scaminaci Russo D. 2

1 Course on Dental Materials Department of Odontostomatology University of Florence, Florence, Italy 2 Department of Odontostomatology University of Florence, Florence, Italy


One of the main problems when using resin-based composites is the resulting polymerization shrinkage stress. Composite strain is hindered every time the composite is bonded to the tooth’s walls. In the pre-gel phase the shrinkage stress is reduced by the composite flow from the free to the bonded surface areas. Therefore, no stress develops at the dentine-composite interface. When a gel point is reached, the composite flow no longer compensates for the volumetric shrinkage. The generated stress may cause adhesive failure and several other adverse clinical consequences such as enamel fracture, cracked cusps, cuspal movement, microcracking of the restorative material and gaps between the resin and cavity walls which may cause secondary caries and postoperative sensitivity. A sensible use of materials in direct restorations may contribute to a reduced rate of shrinkage stress. To this aim glass-ionomer cement as well as flowable, light-curing and self-curing composites were examined. The aim of this study was to provide some useful information for a sensible choice of restoration materials in order to control shrinkage stress and its negative consequences in direct posterior restorations.

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