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Online ISSN 1827-174X
Zillo Martini M., Pereira de Carvalho Júnior J., Arid Soares H.
Division of Stomatology Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Hospital Municipal “Dr. Carmino Caricchio” (HMCC) Tatuapé, São Paulo. SP, Brazil
Florid cemento-osseous dysplasia (FCOD) is a quite rare condition presenting in the jaws and is most seen in middle-aged black women, from the 4th decade of life on. The pathogenesis of the cemento-osseous dysplasias remains unknown; however, they seem to represent some kind of reactional or dysplastic process. We describe an aggressive case of infected florid cemento-osseous dysplasia (IFCOD) in a 47-year-old black woman. Extensive dysplastic lesions affected all jaw quadrants and radiographic features showed images of irregular radiopaque multilobular masses, peripherally lined by a radiolucent layer. We decided to keep the patient in the hospital in order to perform endovenous medication, hydration, drainage and general care. The surgery planning would be started as soon as regression of the acute feature was observed. Histopathologic analysis revealed the lesion was composed by osseous and cementoid tissues, being its diagnosis compatible with FCOD. The surgical procedure was accomplished with the patient under general anesthesia. It was opted for the excision of the lesion in all quadrants, with sequestrectomy and total dental extraction and remodelling of the alveolar ridges. After 9 months of follow-up the patient is still undergoing clinical control, presenting healing within the expected patterns. Symptomatic cases follow-up should be lasting and periodical, since there are reports of recurrence.