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A Journal on Dentistry and Maxillofacial Surgery
Minerva Stomatologica 2005 May;54(5):265-80
language: English, Italian
Pharmacologic treatment of the dysfunctional patient
Cardelli P., Lattari M., Massaro P., Pollicita M., Barlattani A.
It is common knowledge that therapeutical approach of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) is multidisciplinary and directed to remove the cause of disorder, to eliminate symptomatology and to make an improvement to patient's life. Most of the subjects observed have pain, often caused by muscular component (90-95%) and rarely by the intercapsule. Generally, it deals with chronic-ache, bound by a layer of stress and by considerable emotionalism.
A correct diagnosis is the indispensable requirement for the drugs prescription, not only, but remarkable is: to attach importance to the knowledge of workings action, the side effects and actives principals contraindications took into account. This article will be a question of medicines which are the basis of medical therapy for temporal-jaw excess with: analgesic, antinflammatory, shortrelaxing and tranquillizer, tricyclical antidepressant and local anesthetic. As regards to TMD, notice that pharmacological therapy must not be over protracted for too much time, especially for use of benzodiazepine and tricyclic antidepressants, dosage demanded are decisively less if we compare, usually main therapeutical indications. The pharmacological therapy can be an agent for competent method for symptomatology treatment of temporal-jaw disorder but, patient must be acquainted about a fact, trouble often could not disappear only with a drug.
To conclude, we can assert that the right use of medicines, in addition with physiotherapeutical therapy and an occlusal splint, represent the most efficient means to deal with the majority of temporal-jaw diseases.