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A Journal on Dentistry and Maxillofacial Surgery
Minerva Stomatologica 2005 April;54(4):237-46
language: English, Italian
Allergy and desensitization to latex. Clinical study on 50 dentistry subjects
Vozza I., Ranghi G., Quaranta A.
Aim. Nowadays latex allergy represents a relevant social and occupational problem because this substance constitutes the first material to realise many dental and non dental products; then, there is a cross-reactivity between latex allergens and proteins present in many vegetal foods. The aim of our research was to find latex allergy cases experimenting a percutaneous desensitization protocol.
Methods. Among 50 examined subjects, those patients resulting positive to thiuram-mix by patch test have been submitted to desensitization after removal of all latex products and substances giving cross-allergy (kiwi, celery, chestnuts, tomato, banana etc.). Desensitiza-tion has been carried out by using latex glove from 10 s progressively to 1 h after 1-year treatment.
Results. In 7 patients out of 11 (63.6%) regression of symptoms has been verified; 2 patients (18.2%) have declined treatment and 2 patients (18.2%) have showed no regression.
Conclusion. Apart immunotherapy and DNA-vaccines, nowadays percutaneous desensitization is the most efficacious, safe and easy treatment for latex allergic patients; it has no collateral effects during its execution and no symptoms coming back to work, but it needs further verifications.