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A Journal on Dentistry and Maxillofacial Surgery
Minerva Stomatologica 2004 October;53(10):555-70
language: English, Italian
Long term follow-up of patients affected by temporomandibular joint dysfunction treated with orthodontic and/or prosthetic occlusal therapy
Di Paolo C., Panti F., Crocitto P., De Luca M.
Aim. Clinical evidences about therapeutic effectiveness of splint therapy and modern concept concerning the etiopathogenesis of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) lead to a review of the therapeutic approach accepted until the middle 90s for the solution of this derangement of the stomathognatic system. Aim of this study is to produce a long term follow-up of a sample of TMD patients, to estimate the validity and utility of the present therapeutic procedures.
Methods. After diagnostical classification of the patients observed, they have been included in a therapeutic protocol. The outcomes obtained (46 patients at the 1st control in 1994 and 38 patients at the last control in 2001) are re-examined with an average follow-up of 10 years.
Results. The results obtained showed the efficacy of the therapeutic procedures carried out (36 healed, 9 improved and 1 worsened at the 1994 check-up: on the whole, a successful result in 98% of cases; 17 healed, 21 improved and 8 lost at the 2001 check-up: on the whole, a successful result in 100% of cases), but at present their application has to be reviewed according to a more conservative and careful therapeutic approach, based on the evaluation of some fundamental parameters.
Conclusion. The rehabilitative occlusal therapy, in its various aspects, is successful in the long term treatment of TDMs, as long as it is used only when it is possible to determine a correct indication.