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A Journal on Dentistry and Maxillofacial Surgery
Minerva Stomatologica 2004 June;53(6):337-44
language: English, Italian
Drugs in oral surgery. Brief guidelines for adult patients
Grassi R. F., Pappalardo S., De Benedittis M., Petruzzi M., Giannetti L., Cappello V., Baglio O. A.
Drugs administrable in oral surgery for adult patients are antiseptics-antibiotics, antiinflammatory-analgesics and sedative-hypnotics. Such drugs can be administered before, during or after oral surgery. Sedative-hypnotics can be administered before or during oral surgery in order to control the patient''s anxiety. Anti-inflammatory-analgesics, on the other hand, can be administered before or after oral surgery to lower edema and pain. For this purpose, FANS are the most commonly used drugs but, in more traumatic oral surgery, the administration of a single pre-surgery dose of corticosteroids is suitable. As regards, antibiotics have to be given from 15 min to 1 h before oral surgery and continued or otherwise for 24-48 h depending on the dosage. post-surgery infection onset, in fact, is higher within 3 h after oral surgery.