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Online ISSN 1827-174X
Passi P., Zadro A., Varotto S., Berengo M., Haessler D.
Aim. A dental composite resin, Ariston pHc, has been described as having a cariostatic effect by buffering acid saliva and preventing decalcification and infiltration of restorations. The buffering effect has been reported due to the release of OH- originated from the alkaline glass embedded in the resin. The release would occur only in the presence of low salivary pH values. The aim of this in vitro investigation was to evaluate pH variations induced by Ariston pHc and 2 other composite resins (P60 and Z100).
Methods. Eighteen samples were prepared for each composite and 5 specimens of each brand were embedded in artificial saliva according to Brugirar and Mazille, at 3 different pH values. A 1st group of 5 specimens of each tested resin was immersed in neutral artificial saliva at pH 7.7, a 2nd group in acidified artificial saliva at pH 5.45 and a 3rd group in alkalised saliva at pH 9.25. Three other samples of each resin were immersed in tubes containing distilled water at pH 7.23 and served as controls. Twelve tubes were filled only with neutral, alkalised and acidified artificial saliva and distilled water at the above mentioned pH values. Measurements of pH modifications were taken after 1, 3, 9, 14, 31 days.
Result. Ariston pHc raised the pH of distilled water up to 9.59 after 1 day, and to 8.42 after 31 days. This pH modification shown by Ariston pHc in distilled water, compared to those of the other 2 composites were statistically highly significant, with p<0.001, while the pH variations of saliva containing the 3 resins were negligible, except for acidified saliva with Ariston pHc, where a slight pH enhancement with some statistical significance (p=0.04) was found. However, acidified saliva without any resin embedded was found to shift to neutrality as well.
Conclusion. These results strongly suggest that none of the 3 tested materials can achieve an effective buffering action in vitro on low salivary pH values. However, the ability of Ariston pHc to raise the pH in distilled water, and to a lesser degree in acidified saliva, suggests that an in vivo buffering effect cannot be excluded.
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