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Testarelli L., Gallottini L., Gambarini G.
Aim. The effect of cycles of sterilization procedures on nickel-titanium (NiTi) endodontic instruments is a serious concern for practitioners. There is no agreement in the literature whether these procedures could adversely affect the mechanical properties of endodontic files, and, consequently, increase the risk of intracanal failure. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the mechanichal resistance of Hero (MicroMega, Besancon, France) instruments, before and after sterilization procedures.
Methods. Thirty 02, 04, 06 tapered Hero size 30 new instruments were chosen and divided into 3 groups. Group A (control) were tested according to ANSI/ADA Spec.no 28 for torsional resistance, angle of torque and angle at breakage (45°). Group B files were first sterilized with chemiclave for 10 cycles of 20 minutes at 124°C and then tested as described above. Group C files were first sterilized with glass beads for 10 cycles of 20 sec. at 250°C and then tested as described above. Data were collected and statistically analyzed (t-paired test). Differences among the 3 groups were statistically not significant for both tests.
Results. All data were well within Spec.no 28 standard values.
Conclusion. From the results of the present study, we may conclude that repeated sterilization procedures do not adversely affect the mechanichal resistance of Hero files.