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A Journal on Dentistry and Maxillofacial Surgery
Minerva Stomatologica 2001 June;50(6):219-28
Systemic antimicrobial treatment of prosthesis related infections: a comparative study of ornidazole and minocycline. A microbiological evaluation and experimental protocol
Stellini E., Saler G, Grandesso S., Pagnacco P., Mazzoleni S., Cavaleri E., Favero G. A.
Background. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of two chemotherapeutic agents against bacterial forms responsible for prosthesis-related infections.
Methods. The evaluation was made on the basis of a count using optical microscope 1000X after GRAM staining of the main bacterial forms found in periprosthetic inflammatory exudate both before and after treatment. Two drugs used: ornidazole and minocycline. A group of 20 patients were studied (12 women and 8 men) aged between 42 and 71 years old with an advanced stage of periprosthetic inflammatory pathology. The pharmacological protocol was administered to the two groups of patients for a period of approximately 15 days.
Results. At the end of treatment there was a marked reduction in all the bacterial forms involved in periprosthetic pathology in both groups, with a gradual recovery of normal bacterial flora (gram forms) coupled with a clinical improvement in the implant sites examined.
Conclusions. Given the specificity of action shown by ornidazole against pathogenic anaerobic, gram-; bacteroides and sporigenic forms, it is recommended for systemic use against prosthesis-related inflammatory disease.