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Online ISSN 1827-174X
Russo A., Scotto Di Clemente S., Prota V., Iorio B., Sica G. S.
This paper provides an overview of radiopaque lesions of the jaws after having outlined the various criteria for classification; depending on their etiology. Those lesions are generally separated into lesions with an unknown cause and lesions with a known etiology (phlogistic, dysplastic-dystrophic, tumoral). The authors give a general description of the clinical and radiographic symptoms of the main lesions. In many cases, with the exception of asymptomatic lesions with an unknown etiology, the patient presents a variable swelling that deforms the bone in question, resulting in asymmetry of the face and/or, depending on the site, nasal obstruction, mastication and speech disorders, exophthalmos with or without diplopia. The radiographic aspect of lesions and the associated laboratory and clinical findings often enable a diagnosis to be reached, but in doubtful cases diagnosis can only be confirmed by histological analysis.