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Online ISSN 1827-174X
D'Archivio D., Di Placido G., Tumini V., Del Giglio Matarazzo A., Tritapepe R., Paolantonio M.
Background. In the present study, the effectiveness of root planing has been compared to the excisional new attachment procedure (ENAP) during the etiological phase of periodontal therapy, after the supragingival scaling, in order to establish if a technique offering an easy access to the subgingival areas could reduce the need for a surgical phase in the periodontal treatment.
Methods. Twenty-seven patients, affected by moderate periodontitis, participated in this study; in each of them root planing was performed in a half of the oral cavity (control site) and the ENAP in the other half (test site). The main clinical parameters of periodontal health (probing depth -PD-, attachment loss -AL-, plaque index -PlI- and gingival index -GI-) were evaluated before and 1, 2 and 6 months after the periodontal treatment.
Results. The results of the study showed that the parameters related with the amount of plaque and with the conditions of the marginal gingival tissue were not influenced by the different treatments used. Better improvements were found in PD and AL values in teeth treated by ENAP compared to those treated by root planing; this result is explained by a better access to the roots offered by the ENAP.
Conclusions. We can conclude that, within the limits of the present study, the ENAP can reduce the need for a further surgical treatment of the periodontal patient.