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A Journal on Dentistry and Maxillofacial Surgery
Minerva Stomatologica 1999 September;48(9):367-72
Changes of the mouth mucosa in patients with inflammatory bowel disease
Colella G., Riegler G., Lanza A., Tartaro G. P., Russo M. I., Tartaglione M.
Background. Oral mucosa and periodontal lesions occurrence in Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD), Ulcerative Colitis (UC) and Crohn Disease (CD).
Methods. This study involved 100 patients examined for 5 years (1990/1995), with a clinical and histopathological diagnosis of CD (21 patients) and UC (79 patients).
Results. The analysis of the data obtained, from our sample, showed that 5 patients out of 100 presented aphtha minor lesions; in 3 cases the diagnosis was, respectively, of two neoformations of the genian mucosa which turned out to be a papilloma and a fibroma and a retrocommissural leukoplakia, degree OIN I. The 50% of our patients presented parodontal lesions, oral candidosis in 15 out of 67 patients who presented a whitish coating on the back of the tongue.
Conclusions. The results of this investigation, lessen the importance of an association between IBD and oral diseases.