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Minerva Psichiatrica 2016 June;57(2):72-81

Copyright © 2016 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

The development of children of same-sex couples: review of international literature and Italian perspective

Sofia MISURACA 1, Laura ANTONACI 1, Flavia COSTANTINI 1, Valeria MILONE 1, Caterina PIEDIMONTE 1, Mariella STANCA 1, Raffaella RINALDI 2

1 Department of Pediatrics and Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy; 2 Department of Anatomy, Histology, Forensic Medicine and Orthopedics, School of Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy


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The aim of the present study was to review international data present in scientific literature about the development and psychological well-being of children of same-sex couples and to highlight the legal situation of these families in Italy, now that the European Union is requiring their legal recognition. The results of a revision of the literature published in the last 30 years demonstrate that there are no statistically significant differences between children raised by same-sex and heterosexual couples when it comes to their development profile. Studies focusing on the relationships with parents and peers, psycho-socioemotional welfare and cognitive development, school proficiency, sexual orientation and gender identity of children of same-sex couples are reviewed. Methodological weaknesses are presented, with suggestions for further research into this area.

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