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Official Journal of the Italian Society of Social Psychiatry
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, e-psyche, PsycINFO, Scopus
Online ISSN 1827-1731
Rosso G., Maina G., Rapicavoli P., Martini B., Bertetto N., Bogetto F.
Servizio per i Disturbi Depressivi e d’Ansia, Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Università degli Studi di Torino, Torino, Italia
In the last years, short-term psychotherapies have come to be the most popular form of psychotherapy to treat many psychiatric disorders. In particular, among the specific models of short-term psychotherapies, brief dynamic therapy (BDT) have a primary role and has made relevant contributions in the treatment of psychiatric disorders: in fact a number of studies have demonstrated the efficacy of BDT especially for depressive and anxiety disorders. BDT is rooted in the psychoanalytic tradition and this model is based on freudian theories, but it differs in some technical aspects: time limitation, definition of a specific focus and a more active therapist’s role. Concerning the training of BDT therapists, it is important to consider not only their technical skill but also their individual attitudes and abilities, because these aspects are involved in determining the therapy’s outcome. Although, at present are not available univocal criteria to identify these specific factors. The aim of this paper is to show which personal attitudes a BDT therapist needs to possess, according to current literature; then the common strategies to assess these competences are discussed. Furthermore, the most important training methods used by the different psychotherapeutic schools are briefly reviewed. Unfortunately, at present there is a lack of adequately qualified BDT therapists, especially because of a significant gap in the offer of a delineated and practicable professional training. In conclusion, there is a necessity of further studies to find specific abilities and to define a precise and structured training course for BDT.