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A Journal on Psychiatry, Psychology and Psychopharmacology
Official Journal of the Italian Society of Social Psychiatry
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, e-psyche, PsycINFO, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Minerva Psichiatrica 2008 June;49(2):117-27
Obsessive-compulsive behaviour among children and adolescents. A review
Kirkcaldy B. D.
International Centre for the Study of Occupational Health, Düsseldorf, Germany
Obsessive compulsive disorders (OCD) among children and adolescents are a mental health concern with a significant amount of personal distress and embarrassment for the individual and a large burden for the family, educational and community health services. This article presents a review of current literature exploring age and gender differences in OCD; incidence of the disorder among the general and clinical population; comorbid psychopathologies; developmental and cognitive factors; cross-cultural (and specific content) differences; etiology and maintenance of the disorder; family, sociocultural and birth order influences, and health outcome and therapy success rates. The implications for future research are discussed.