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Minerva Psichiatrica 2007 September;48(3):339-45

language: Italian

Treatment of obstructive sleep apnea with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)

Taurino A. E. 1, Fanfulla F. 2

1 Centro di Medicina del Sonno ad Indirizzo Cardio-respiratorio Fondazione Salvatore Maugeri IRCCS Istituto Scientifico di Montescano, Montescano (PV)
2 Centro di Medicina del Sonno ad Indirizzo Cardio-respiratorio Fondazione Salvatore Maugeri IRCCS Istituto Scientifico di Pavia, Pavia


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Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is widely used to treat obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). CPAP is effective in reducing respiratory disturbances, in reducing symptoms of sleepiness, in improving quality of life measures. Furthermore, CPAP leads to lower blood pressure and reduces cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Side effects, such as nasal congestion, dry nose or throat, and discomfort associated with cold air, are common in OSA patients under CPAP treatment. Heated humidification and quality of ventilation masks have been shown as effective in preventing most of these side effects.

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