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Minerva Psichiatrica 2002 September;43(3):171-80

language: Italian

Psychological and psychopathological aspects of loneliness

Munno D., Barboni S., Kornmuller A. M., Petruzzelli E. M., Furlan P. M.


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Background. In our research we compare the way of coping with the living experiences of loneliness of a group of psychiatric outpatients with that of a check sample.
Methods. The constant reference is the UCLA Loneliness Scale. From a cross examination of the scores of the various groups, we noticed that the feeling of loneliness is associated with a symptomatology of depression. In this case the situation is linked both to a clinically self-explanatory pathology and to life circumstances, such as living on the outskirts. The connection between the living experience of loneliness and factors linked to the personality has been studied with the support of the Adjective Check List (ACL). We did not notice statistically significant data. We have been able, however, to point out some of the psychopathological aspects of loneliness.
Results. The scores were higher for those items dealing with personality features typical of depression: for example, the feeling of being abandoned, the difficulties concerning positive ways of relating to others, avoidance of interpersonal relationships.
Conclusions. From this study one can deduce that loneliness could be a type of manifestation related to depression.

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