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A Journal on Psychiatry, Psychology and Psychopharmacology
Official Journal of the Italian Society of Social Psychiatry
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, e-psyche, PsycINFO, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Minerva Psichiatrica 2001 September;42(3):161-8
Anorexia nervosa in boys. A pilot study of a rare pathology
Di Pentima L., Gasperini I., Marinucci S., Montecchi F.
Background. The aim of this study was to verify the common features between restrictive-type anorexia (DSM IV) observed in females and male anorexia nervosa.
Methods. A group of 10 cases of male anorexia nervosa were observed at onset in the group was compared with a sample of 24 secondary-school pupils matched for age and socioeconomic background. Both groups were asked to complete the following tests: Symptom Checklist 90 (SLC-90), Eating Attitudes Test (EAR-40), Eating Disorders Inventory (EDI-2) and Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI). Moreover, Rorschach reactive test was administered to a single group of patients to evaluate additional psychopathological features.
Results. Both the males with anorexia nervosa and the girls with restrictive-type anorexia scored relatively low results in all the psychometric tests used, showing a differentiation with patients affected by purgative-type anorexia whose scores were above the cut-off levels.
Conclusions. An evaluation of these data appears to confirm the hypothesis of close similarities between restrictive-type anorexia (DSM IV) in females and the male pathology.