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A Journal on Psychiatry, Psychology and Psychopharmacology
Official Journal of the Italian Society of Social Psychiatry
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, e-psyche, PsycINFO, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Minerva Psichiatrica 2001 June;42(2):75-82
Hopelessness and depression
Di Carlo A., Galassi F., Salmoria R., Cabras P.
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Background. The degree of hopelessnes has been estimated in 3 groups of subjects pharmacologically treated: major hospitalizated depressed, major depressed in intercritical phase from a minimum of 3 months, distymians, both ambulatorially followed.
Methods. The data collection has been made by the administration of Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS, 1974).
Results. From our data seems to emerge that the hopelessness factor could be an implicit element for the most part of depressed subjects and that Depression and Dystymia could be qualitatively 2 different entities, rather than a continuity of this two disorders. Moreover, a major depressive episode seems to cause in many subjects a difficulty in hope riacquisition concerning the own future existing before the disorder. This would mean that the establishment of a depressive defect is one of the evolution forms of depression.
Conclusions. It doesn't seem to be confirmed the existence of the Hopelessness depression. As emerged from this study the use of the BHS can be proposed to estimate the degree of hope of healthy subjects in order to have a predictor for subjects which have a greater risk of develop a depressive symptomatology.